How the heart works
The heart works all day for us, without holidays, breaks or other rest periods. Normally, we feel nothing of this high performance machine. Sometimes it knocks a little more, sometimes it races or something stumbles. The largest part of our life we spend, but without us worrying about one of the most powerful and most adaptable organs of our body.
For that amount of power, of course, much energy is required. The heart regulates itself automatically. About the coronary arteries it supplies itself with all necessary nutrients. The tiny blood vessels that branch out like a huge net over the entire heart and thus provide every corner of the powerful muscle with blood. In addition, the waste will be taken on the way back the same with and supplied to the department responsible disposal. Similar to a pipe system in their home.
Blockage of the system – the heart attack
Like any engine may our hearts also have an error or defective. With our cars, we pay meticulous in the maintenance intervals, regularly change the oil filter and change the spark plugs included. What we do with the main engine in our lives? We also supply it. With exhaust gases, nicotine, alcohol, stress, sugar, fat, etc. If the machine does not run more then we wonder … In addition to the lack of oxygen supply does all this far-reaching consequences. Arrhythmias, vasoconstriction, reducing the efficiency of the heart and a lot more to disturbances caused by the lack of care. An example is the blockage of the system in the coronary arteries, the heart attack.
Formation of deposits in the coronary vessels is obstructed, the flow and the heart no longer receives as many nutrients as it actually needed. As an engine is getting too little fuel and the heart weaker and no longer running as it should. The result is a reduction in cardiac output, heart failure.
This narrowing is larger and closes the entire vessel, the area responsible for this vessel is no longer supplied. The other option is a blood clot that has formed elsewhere (eg thrombosis) and the blood vessels into the heart wanders. If the flushed into a coronary artery will trigger a heart attack. Comparable to a blockage in the water line, then no more water comes out of the tap, no matter how far to turn on. This is not the heart differently. If the line is not clogged blood comes more to the muscle. The heart tries to compensate by “turning up the tap”, it beats faster to get more blood. Also causes the muscle area of not more severe pain with blood, the muscles of the heart will begin to die.
What are the symptoms of heart attack?
The symptoms of heart attacks can be very different from even dependent upon gender. Typical signs of a heart attack should never be ignored or downplayed. Strong, sudden pain in the chest, usually slightly shifted to the left, with the transition of the pain (radiation) in the left arm or in the upper abdomen, possibly in connection with shortness of breath, blueness of the lips or in the face by a lack of oxygen and cold sweat on his forehead. Individually or all at the same point on the symptoms of myocardial infarction. The sharp pain testifies to the destruction of the muscle, according to this pain is very pronounced. Instinctively we feel that our life is in danger at this moment, therefore, there is also the fear of “death anxiety” Aptly described. Is the pain, depending on the breathing, will be stronger when inhaled, is the probability that it is a heart attack is extremely low.